The “Cloud” represents a distributed computing paradigm that is driven by economies of scale in which a pool of virtualized and auto-scalable apps using managed computing power and storage services. The apps and services delivered “on demand” to external customers through Internet or internal workforce through private clouds.

Cloud Computing is fundamentally changing the way businesses conduct their operations. Given the impact of Information Technology on the business processes, companies of all sizes in a broad range of domains are using cloud-based technology solutions to lower complexity, gain better visibility, and reduce costs.

In this rapidly changing computing paradigm, following trends are to be watched:

Cloud follows Mobile

The ease of use of mobile devices like smartphones and tablets, is having a major impact on the business world. Instead of being tied to desks in an office, today’s workforce can use their mobile devices to do their jobs at any time from anywhere. (For more in Trends in Mobile Computing).

The ability demanded by the mobile workforce is one of the key reasons for the growth of cloud computing. Cloud allows the back-end to be available anywhere anytime just like the front-end in the mobile device.

Companies have realized productivity benefits by using mobile-friendly cloud computing applications. And more and more organizations are moving towards this “Cloud-Mobile” model.

Elastic Application Containers

We all know that cloud offers elastic infrastructure and platform. Now, with most of their API’s we could build Apps that are elastic. Businesses always wanted a scalable app; an Elastic App encompasses scalability and with elasticity. What is the difference? Scalability is an app’s ability to linearly grow with additional hardware. However, elasticity is ability of your app to adapt to workload in real time. For example, if your app can provision a web server based on load, it could be said that your app is elastic.

The future is about Elastic Application Containers (EAC) that would make it much easier to build elastic apps. EAC is a virtual resource unit for delivering better resource efficiency and more scalable cloud applications. We describe the EAC system architecture and components, and also present an algorithm for EAC resource provisioning. We also describe an implementation of the EAC-oriented platform to support multi-tenant cloud use.

Cloud Standards and SLAs

Standardizations and well-defined Service Level Agreements (SLAs) are necessary for businesses to quantify productivity. Each of the cloud service providers has their own standards and does not work well with other cloud platforms. The shift towards common or open standards for cloud deployments will be key to the development of the cloud apps, especially if features like interoperability and portability are to be realized. Consortiums like the Open Data Center Alliance (ODCA), framed to focus attention on the need for a dependable framework to progress the evolution of organizational standards, that streamline the cloud services, will be a trend to watch.

Scientific Cloud Computing

“Scientific computing has already begun to change how science is done, enabling scientific breakthroughs through new kinds of experiments that would have been impossible only a decade ago. It is the key to solving “grand challenges” in many domains and providing breakthroughs in new knowledge, and it comes in many shapes and forms: high-performance computing (HPC), high-throughput computing (HTC), many-task computing (MTC), and data-intensive computing. Big data is generating datasets that are increasing exponentially in both complexity and volume, making their analysis, archival, and sharing one of the grand challenges of the 21st century. Not surprisingly, it becomes increasingly difficult to design and operate large scale systems capable of addressing these grand challenges.”

Link for Reference: Top 10 Tech Trends in 2014

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